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Indian Case Summary

State vs . Ram Singh And Another on 10 September, 2013 – Case Summary

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In the case of State vs. Ram Singh and Another on 10 September 2013, the Delhi District Court presided over by Shri Yogesh Khanna, Additional Sessions Judge, delivered a judgment that shook the nation. The case was heard in the Special Fast Track Courts, Saket District Court Complex, New Delhi.

Facts of the Case

The incident took place on 16th December 2012. The complainant and his friend, the prosecutrix, had gone to PVR, Saket, New Delhi, for watching a movie. After the movie, they boarded a white chartered bus from Munirka Bus Stand. In the bus, they were assaulted by a group of men, including the bus driver and conductor. The men brutally raped the prosecutrix, causing severe internal injuries, and beat the complainant with iron rods. They also robbed the victims of their belongings. The victims were then thrown out of the moving bus near Mahipal Pur flyover. They were found by passersby and taken to Safdarjung Hospital, New Delhi for medical examination.

The accused in the case were Ram Singh (since deceased), Mukesh, Akshay Kumar Singh, Vinay Sharma, and Pawan Kumar. The case was registered under various sections of the Indian Penal Code (IPC), including 120B (criminal conspiracy), 365 (kidnapping), 366 (kidnapping or inducing woman to compel her marriage), 376(2)(g) (gang rape), 377 (unnatural offences), 307 (attempt to murder), 302 (murder), 396 (dacoity with murder), 395 (dacoity), 397 (robbery or dacoity with attempt to cause death or grievous hurt), 201 (causing disappearance of evidence), and 412 (dishonestly receiving property stolen in the commission of a dacoity).

Issues in the Case

The primary issues in the case were the identification of the accused, the collection and examination of evidence, and the establishment of the charges against the accused. The prosecution examined as many as 85 witnesses, including the victims, the doctors who treated the victims and conducted the postmortem, the police officials involved in the arrest of the accused and the recovery of evidence, the forensic experts who examined the evidence, and the staff of Select City Mall where the victims had gone to watch a movie before the incident.

Court’s Observations and Judgment

The court observed that the evidence presented by the prosecution, including the testimonies of the witnesses, the medical reports, the DNA profiles, and the forensic reports, established the guilt of the accused. The court also noted that the accused had failed to provide a satisfactory explanation for their actions and had not presented any credible evidence in their defense.

The court found the accused guilty of the charges and sentenced them accordingly. The proceedings against Ram Singh, one of the accused, were abated as he had committed suicide in Tihar Jail during the course of the trial.

This case highlighted the need for stricter laws and faster trials in cases of sexual violence in India. It led to significant changes in the country’s legal system, including the establishment of fast-track courts for rape cases and the introduction of stricter punishments for sexual offenses.